Kokteyl retseptlari, spirtli ichimliklar va mahalliy barlar

O'smir Gatorade -dan olovga chidamli moddalarni olib tashlash to'g'risida iltimosnoma boshladi

O'smir Gatorade -dan olovga chidamli moddalarni olib tashlash to'g'risida iltimosnoma boshladi


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Change.org saytidagi petitsiyada 175 mingdan ortiq imzo bor

Thinkstock/ iStockphoto

Gatorade -da olovga chidamli tomoni bormi?

Chiqib ketishining yana bir sababi Gatorade: bromlangan o'simlik yog'i deb nomlanadigan asabiylashtiruvchi tarkibiy qism. Bromli o'simlik yog'i, aka BVO, Gatorade va boshqa ichimliklardan topilgan, olovga qarshi patentlangan, lekin bir o'smir BVOni Gatorade'dan olib chiqish uchun petitsiya yaratgan.

Missisipi o'smir Sara Kavanag a boshladi Change.org saytidagi ariza, Gatorade va uning bosh kompaniyasi PepsiCo -dan BVO mahsulotlarini olib tashlashini so'radi. BVO ni apelsin gatoradasining tarkibiy qismi deb topib, maqolani o'qib bo'lgach Amerikalik ilmiy, u reproduktiv va xulq -atvor muammolarini o'z ichiga oladigan tarkibiy qismning xavfini tushuna boshladi. Scientific American, BVO odamning to'qimasida to'planishi mumkinligi va bromga haddan tashqari ta'sir qilish terining shikastlanishi, xotira yo'qolishi va asab kasalliklariga olib kelishi mumkinligini aytdi.

Bu Kavanagni 175,000 dan ortiq imzo olgan Change.org petitsiyasini ishlab chiqarishga undadi. "Men o'z arizamga yozilgan izohlarni ko'rib chiqsam, sportchilar, qurilish ishchilari, bobo -buvilar va ota -onalar va boshqa ko'plab iste'molchilar sog'lom mahsulotlar ishlab chiqarayotganini da'vo qiladigan kompaniyalarga ishonishdan charchaganini ko'raman", dedi Kavanag. Matbuot xabari. "Gatorade mening iltimosimga hali javob bermadi, lekin aminmanki, Gatorade bu kimyoviy moddani olib tashlash iste'molchilar uchun ham, uning natijasi uchun ham yaxshi bo'lishini tushunadi". (PepsiCo hali The Daily Meal -ga izoh berish uchun javob bermadi.)

BVO -ni Buyuk Britaniyada ishlatish taqiqlangan, lekin AQSh mahsulotlarida ruxsat berilgan. Gatorade o'z veb -saytida ta'kidlashicha, bu tarkibiy qism ichimlik ishlab chiqaruvchilar tomonidan keng qo'llaniladi va "Gatorade" ning atir -upalarini ishlab chiqarishda juda past darajada ishlatiladi.


Gatorade yong'inga chidamli kimyoviy moddalarni ichimligidan olib tashlaydi

Gatorade ko'plab shikoyatlardan so'ng o'z mahsulotlariga o'tga chidamli sifatida ishlatiladigan sintetik kimyoviy bromli o'simlik yog'ini (BVO) qo'yishni to'xtatadi, deb xabar beradi Los -Anjeles Tayms.

Ma'lum bo'lishicha, kompaniya bir muncha vaqtdan beri BVO-ni ichimliklardan olib tashlashni o'ylayotgan bo'lsa-da, u iste'molchilar tomonidan potentsial zararli kimyoviy moddalarga, jumladan, 15 yoshli tashabbuskor bo'lgan Change.org-ning mashhur petitsiyasiga katta bosim olganidan keyin harakat qilishga undadi. Sara Kavanag:

Change.org saytida 200,000 dan ortiq tarafdorlari bo'lgan kimyoviy moddalarni tashlashni so'rab yuborilgan petitsiya qarorni ilhomlantirmadi, dedi Karter. u iste'molchilarning fikr -mulohazalari asosiy turtki ekanligini tan oldi.

Missis Xattisburglik Sara Kavanag tomonidan yuborilgan petitsiyada. & ldquoBVO & rdquo Yaponiya va Evropa Ittifoqida taqiqlangan deb ta'riflanadi.

Bu harakat Scientific American maqolasidan iqtibos keltiradi & ldquoBVO inson to'qimalarida to'planishi mumkin va sichqonlar ustida olib borilgan tadqiqotlar kimyoviy moddalarning katta dozalari bilan bog'liq bo'lgan reproduktiv va xulq -atvor muammolarini ko'rsatadi.

BVO Gatorade va rsquos ranglarini shisha bo'ylab teng ravishda tarqatish uchun ishlatiladi. The Times, shuningdek, Gatorade BVO -ni yangi ishlab chiqariladigan ichimliklarga qo'shishni to'xtatsa -da, bozorda mavjud bo'lgan mahsulotlarni qaytarib olish rejalari yo'qligini aytadi.


& LdquoGatorade & rdquo kompaniyasiga o'z mahsulotlaridan lldquoflame retardant va rdquo kimyoviy moddalarini olib tashlash to'g'risida iltimosnoma:

Boshqa kuni men "Googled" va "8220 bromlangan o'simlik yog'i." ” Men oxirgi marta apelsin gatoradini ichdim. Men bildimki, bu “BVO ” - bu Gatorade ichimliklarining bir qismi bo'lgan, olovga chidamli ziddiyatli kimyoviy modda! Kim buni ichishni xohlaydi? Men emas!

Men tabiatan qiziquvchan va bahsli odamman, maktabda munozara jamoasi kabi ishlarni bajaraman. Men ham voleybol kabi sportni yaxshi ko'raman va men har doim Gatoradaga o'z reklamalarida jismoniy mashqlar paytida ichish qanday yaxshi ekanini aytganlariga ishonganman. Va ko'pchilik singari, men ham sog'ligim haqida qayg'uraman. Shunday qilib, men boshqa kuni uyda apelsin gatoradasini ichganimda, ba'zi ingredientlarni ko'rib chiqishga qaror qildim.

Oxirgi ingredient - Yaponiya va Evropa Ittifoqida taqiqlangan bromlangan o'simlik yog'i. Bu shuni anglatadiki, №1 Gatorade qilishning hojati yo'q, va 2 -sonda butun mamlakatlar ushbu kimyoviy mahsulotni taqiqlaganligi haqida etarli ma'lumot bor.

Scientific American ma'lumotlariga ko'ra, BVO o'tga chidamli sifatida patentlangan va ba'zi ichimliklarda, shu jumladan Gatorade lazzatlarida uchraydi. Bu "qattiq nazorat ostida", chunki tadqiqotlar shuni ko'rsatdiki, ular butun dunyo bo'ylab odamlarning tanasida, shu jumladan ona sutida ham to'planib bormoqda. Xuddi shu maqolada "nevrologik rivojlanishning buzilishi, tug'ilishning pasayishi, balog'at yoshining erta boshlanishi va qalqonsimon gormonlarning o'zgarishi bilan bog'liqliklar" borligi ham aytib o'tilgan.

Men olim emasman, lekin agar Gatorade -da olovga chidamli kimyoviy moddalarni qo'yish haqida shubhali narsalar ko'p bo'lsa (ko'pchilik lazzatlar hatto ishlatmaydi!), Nega Gatorade uni men kabi odamlar uchun mo'ljallangan mahsulotga qo'yishni xohlaydi? kim sport va sog'liq bilan shug'ullanadi?


Olovga chidamli kimyoviy moddalarni barcha ichimliklaridan tozalash uchun koks

Coca-Cola brendli o'simlik yog'ini barcha ichimliklar qatoridan olib tashlash jarayonida, shu jumladan kompaniya vakili Powerade, Fanta Orange va Fresca. Newsweek dushanba kuni. Bu harakat PepsiCo Gatorade -dan olovga chidamli sifatida patentlangan bahsli kimyoviy moddalarni olib tashlashini e'lon qilganidan bir yil o'tib amalga oshirildi.

Missisipi shtatidan bo'lgan o'smir Sara Kavanagning Change.org onlayn -petitsiyasi soda kompaniyalarini Bromlangan o'simlik yog'ini (BVO) olib tashlashga chaqirganidan keyin sodir bo'ldi. AP ma'lumotlariga ko'ra, uning Powerade petitsiyasida 59 ming onlayn imzo to'plangan, Gatorade -da esa 200 mingdan ortiq. Kimyoviy moddalarni olib tashlaganiga qaramay, Coca-Cola ichimliklar, jumladan BVO bo'lganlar xavfsizligini himoya qilishini aytadi.

"Bizning barcha ichimliklarimiz, shu jumladan BVO bo'lganlar ham xavfsizdir va har doim sotiladigan mamlakatlarda barcha qoidalarga rioya qilingan",-deyiladi Coca-Cola bayonotida.

BVO Evropa Ittifoqi yoki Yaponiyada oziq -ovqat mahsulotlarida foydalanish uchun tasdiqlanmagan. AQShning Oziq -ovqat va farmatsevtika idorasi uni "qo'shimcha tadqiqotlar kutilmoqda", deb vaqtincha oziq -ovqat mahsulotlarida ishlatilishini ma'qulladi. PepsiCo tomonidan ishlab chiqarilgan Mountain Dew, hali ham BVO ni o'z ichiga oladi, Squirt va Sunkist Peach Soda bilan birga, Dr Pepper Snapple Group. The New York Times.

Associated Press, Detroyt Omaha, Nebraska, Nyu-York va Vashingtonda sotiladigan mevali va qulupnayli limonadli lazzatdagi Powerade butilkalarini endi ingredientlar ro'yxatida BVO yo'qligini bildiradi, biroq boshqa idishlar hali ham Coca-Cola-da bo'lishi mumkinligini ko'rsatib turibdi. allaqachon bosqichma -bosqich olib tashlashni boshlagan.

BVO xushbo'y moylarni suyuqlik bo'ylab teng taqsimlash uchun mevali xushbo'y sport ichimliklar va gazli ichimliklarda emulsifikator sifatida ishlatiladi. BVO bo'lmasa, "sizning sevimli limon-ohak sodaingiz Alyaska ko'rfaziga o'xshaydi. Exxon-Valdez, "kabi San -Diego o'quvchi 1999 yilda qo'ydi.

"Kelgusi oylarda Coca-Cola kompaniyasi bromlangan o'simlik moyidan (BVO) foydalanishdan saxaroza asetat izobutirat (SAIB) va/yoki rozinning glitserolli efiriga (yakka yoki kombinatsiyalangan holda) o'tadi",-dedi Coca-Cola. bayonotda. "Rozinning glitserin esteri odatda saqich va ichimliklarda uchraydi va SAIB 14 yildan ortiq ichimliklarda ishlatilgan."

Coca-Cola o'tishni yil oxirigacha yakunlanishini kutmoqda va Powerade mevali zarbasi va qulupnay limonadining Powerade lazzatlari BVOni yo'q qilganini aytadi. Biroq, AP ma'lumotlariga ko'ra, Powerade -ning ba'zi shishalarida hali ham kimyoviy moddalar ko'rsatilgan.

BVO xavfsizligi o'nlab yillar davomida ilmiy hamjamiyatda munozara mavzusi bo'lib kelgan. BVO tarkibida brom bor, xuddi shu element yumshoq mebellar va ba'zi bolalarning choyshablari va kiyimlarida ishlatiladigan bromli olovni ushlab turuvchi moddalarda. Tadqiqotlar shuni ko'rsatdiki, bromli olovni ushlab turuvchi moddalar tanada va ona sutida to'planishi mumkin, va odamlar va hayvonlarning tadqiqotlari ularni tug'ilish muammolari, erta balog'at yoshi, nevrologik buzilishlar va qalqonsimon gormonlardagi o'zgarishlar bilan bog'laydi.

Scientific American tomonidan yozilgan BVO tarixi 1970 yilda Buyuk Britaniyada o'tkazilgan tadqiqot shuni ko'rsatdiki, bromli makkajo'xori yog'i bilan oziqlangan kalamushlar yog'li to'qimalarida brom zaxiralarini to'plagan va kalamushlar bromsiz dietaga qaytganidan keyin ham brom shu erda qolgan.

Ko'p o'tmay, yana bir tadqiqot brom odamlarda to'planishini tasdiqladi. Buyuk Britaniyada odamlarda topilgan brom sarumining darajasi BVO ishlatilgan va BVO ishlatilmagan Gollandiya va Germaniyadagi hamkasblariga qaraganda ancha yuqori edi. Bromning eng yuqori darajasi bolalarning yog'li to'qimalarida topilgan.

1997 yilda har kuni BVO o'z ichiga olgan ikki -to'rt litr sodali suv iste'mol qilgan odam Kaliforniya Universitetiga, Davis shoshilinch tibbiy yordam bo'limiga, xotira, titroq, charchoq, mushaklarning muvofiqlashuvining yo'qolishi, bosh og'rig'i va o'ng qovog'idagi ptoz kasalligiga yotqizilgan. Unga og'ir brom zaharlanishi tashxisi qo'yilib, gemodializ qo'yishdi va oxir -oqibat tuzalib ketishdi.

Pew ma'lumotlariga ko'ra, AQShda oziq -ovqat mahsulotlarida foydalanish uchun tasdiqlangan 10 mingga yaqin kimyoviy qo'shimchalarning 3 mingga yaqini FDA tomonidan xavfsizlik nuqtai nazaridan ko'rib chiqilmagan.

FDA bromlangan o'simlik yog'ini 1970 yilda xavfsiz deb tan olingan oziq -ovqat qo'shimchalari ro'yxatidan olib tashladi, ammo BVO bir necha yil o'tgach, sanoat guruhlari tadqiqotlari "xavfsizlik darajasini ko'rsatganidan" keyin yana paydo bo'ldi. Amerikalik ilmiy. 1977 yilda BVO "vaqtinchalik asosda" tasdiqlangan kimyoviy moddalar ro'yxatiga kiritildi.

"BVO vaqtinchalik maqomidagi har qanday o'zgarish FDA cheklangan resurslarini sarflashni talab qiladi, bu hozirda agentlik uchun sog'liqni saqlashni himoya qilishning ustuvor vazifasi emas", dedi FDA vakili. Vaqt.


Coca-Cola va Pepsi barcha ichimliklardan tortishuvlarga olib keladigan "olovni ushlab turuvchi" ingredientni olib tashlaydilar

Coca-Cola va PepsiCo ikkalasi ham ichimliklardan olovni ushlab turuvchi moddalarni o'z ichiga olgan bahsli tarkibni olib tashlaydilar. Coca-Cola yil oxirigacha ichimliklardan bromlangan o'simlik yog'i (BVO) olib tashlamoqchi, PepsiCo o'tgan yili Gatorade-dan BVO ni olib tashladi va kecha-aftidan Coca-Cola e'lon qilganidan keyin-qolgan mahsulotlarini uni tashlab yuborgan bo'lardi, lekin hech qanday muddat berilmagan.

"Bizning barcha ichimliklarimiz, shu jumladan BVO bo'lganlar ham xavfsiz va har doim bo'lgan." Coca-Colaning aytishicha, BVO boshqa ichimliklarning ajralishini oldini olib, ma'lum ichimliklar barqarorligini yaxshilash uchun ishlatiladi. Garchi u hamma gazlangan gazli ichimliklar va sport ichimliklarida ishlatilmasa ham, u bir qancha yirik ichimliklarda ishlatilgan, xususan, tsitrus aromati bo'lganlar, jumladan Mountain Dew, Fanta va Powerade. Ko'rinib turibdiki, BVO zarurat emas: Evropa Ittifoqi yoki Yaponiyada foydalanish uchun tasdiqlanmagan va Coca-Cola uni sukroz asetat izobutirat va rozin-glitserinli efir bilan almashtirishi mumkinligini aytgan. ular mehribon deb nomlanmagan, lekin allaqachon ichimliklar va saqichlarda ishlatilgan.

Associated Press, BVO-ni olib tashlash sababini 2012-yilgi Change.org-ning iltimosiga binoan, uni istagan 15 yoshli qizdan va Gatorade kabi sport ichimliklaridan "olovga chidamli" kimyoviy moddalardan olib tashlagan. BVO -ni ishlatish ancha oldin bahslashgan (hazil bilan, The New York Times o'smirning BVOni olib tashlashga intilishini "katta ehtimol ... kixotik" deb atadi), lekin shunga qaramay, uning iltimosnomasida Coca-Cola va PepsiCo ichimliklari uchun eng muhim nuqta bo'lgan Gatorade-dagi o'zgarishlardan ancha oldinroq bo'lgan kimyoviy moddalarga katta e'tibor berilgan. umuman olganda.

BVO inson tanasiga qanday ta'sir qilishiga kelsak, bu hali ham munozaralarga ochiq - va nima uchun hamma narsa sodir bo'lishi uchun uzoq vaqt kerak. Mayo Clinic, BVO bo'yicha bir qancha tadqiqotlar o'tkazilganini xabar qilmoqda, lekin ba'zilar brom - olovni ushlab turuvchi moddalar bilan bo'lishadigan element - tanada to'planishi mumkinligini aniqladilar. Ko'rinib turibdiki, bir kunda BVO o'z ichiga olgan ikki litrdan ortiq sodali suv ichganidan so'ng, xotira yo'qolishi, shuningdek, teri va asab muammolari haqida xabarlar bo'lgan. Ammo kimyoviy tadqiqotlar AQSh oziq -ovqat va farmatsevtika idorasi tomonidan juda oz miqdorda foydalanish uchun tasdiqlangan bo'lib qolmoqda. O'nlab yillar mobaynida bu tadqiqot kutilmoqda.

Tabiiyki, ichimliklar ishlab chiqaruvchilari sog'liqni saqlash muammosiga bog'liq holda BVOni olib tashlamaydilar. "Bizning barcha ichimliklarimiz, shu jumladan BVO bo'lganlar ham xavfsizdir va har doim sotilgan mamlakatlarda barcha qoidalarga amal qiladi",-deyiladi Coca-Cola vakilining bayonotida. Coca-Cola nima uchun endi o'zgarish qilishni tanlaganini aytmadi, faqat shuni ta'kidlash kerakki, bu kompaniyaga "biz butun dunyoda ishlatadigan ingredientlarga mos kelishiga" imkon beradi. Pepsi, shuningdek, BVO Gatorade -dan bosqichma -bosqich olib tashlanishi haqida e'lon qilganda, sog'liqni saqlash muammolari bilan bog'liq o'zgarishlarni rad etdi va APga mijozlardan kimyoviy ichimliklar ichilishini xohlaganliklarini "shovqin -suron eshitayotganini" aytdi.


Olovga chidamli ichimliklardan ichish uchun kola

Coca-Cola yil oxirigacha barcha ichimliklaridan yong'inga qarshi kimyoviy moddalar olib tashlanadi.

Bromli o'simlik yog'i, shuningdek BVO deb ham ataladi, bromni o'z ichiga oladi, u plastmassa, yumshoq mebellar va bolalar uchun kiyim -kechakda olovga qarshi vosita sifatida ishlatiladi va Yaponiya va Evropa Ittifoqidagi oziq -ovqat mahsulotlarida foydalanish uchun tasdiqlanmagan.

Coca-Cola kimyoviy moddalarni Fanta, Freska va ba'zi tsitrus aromatli favvorali ichimliklarda ishlatadi.

BVO ni ichimliklardan olib tashlash harakati Missisipi o'smiri Sara Kavanag tomonidan 2012 yilda boshlangan Change.org petitsiyasidan kelib chiqqan.

Kavanag Pepsikodan sevimli ichimlik Gatorade BVO ni olib tashlashni so'radi. Kompaniya petitsiya tezlashdi va 200 ming kishi unga imzo chekdi.

Kavanag 59 ming imzo to'plagan murojaatnomaga Powerade -ni qo'shdi. So'nggi bir yoki ikki oyda Coca-Cola Powerade va mevali qulupnay limonadli xushbo'y ichimliklardan BVO ni chiqarib tashladi.

Mayo Clinic ’s veb -saytiga ko'ra, BVO ko'p miqdorda iste'mol qilinganida xotira yo'qolishi, teri va asab muammolari bilan bog'liq.

BVO ichimlik ishlab chiqaruvchilar tomonidan xushbo'y ichimliklar tarkibini barqarorlashtirish va ularning ajralishini oldini olish uchun ishlatiladi.

Alkogolsiz ichimlik giganti boshqa ichimliklar tarkibidagi boshqa ingredientlarga, shuningdek saqichga o'tishini aytdi.

"Kok" ichimliklar xavfsiz ekanligini yana bir bor ta'kidlab, "Bizning barcha ichimliklarimiz, shu jumladan BVO bo'lganlar ham xavfsiz va har doim bo'lgan va ular sotiladigan mamlakatlarning barcha qoidalariga amal qiladi", dedi. Mahsulotlarimizning xavfsizligi va sifati bizning ustuvor vazifamizdir. ”

TM & amp © 2014 Cable News Network, Inc., Time Warner kompaniyasi. Barcha huquqlar himoyalangan.


Coca-Cola Amerika ichimliklaridan "olovga chidamli" moddalarni olib tashlaydi

Ikkala yo'nalishda ham istisnolar mavjud bo'lsa -da, "Evropa Ittifoqidagi oziq -ovqat qoidalari Qo'shma Shtatlarga qaraganda ancha qattiq", deyish to'g'ri.

Bu, ayniqsa, kimyoviy konservantlarga taalluqlidir, ularni aytish mumkin: "AQSh oziq -ovqat va farmatsevtika idorasi bu moddani oziq -ovqat va ichimliklarda ishlatishga ruxsat beradi, lekin bu Evropa Ittifoqida va, ehtimol, boshqa mamlakatlarda ham taqiqlangan".

Masalan, azodikarbonamid kimyoviy moddasi, FDA qoidalariga ko'ra, oziq -ovqat mahsulotlarida "umuman xavfsiz deb tan olingan" - zichlikda milliondan 45 qismdan oshmaydi. Ammo dunyoning ko'p qismida azodikarbonamid asosan kauchuk va plastmassa ishlab chiqarishda ishlatiladi. Evropa va Avstraliyaning turli hukumatlari azodikarbonamidni astmatik reaktsiyalarni qo'zg'atadigan "nafas olish sezuvchanligi" deb hisoblashadi, Singapurda esa azodikarbonamidni oziq -ovqat mahsulotlarida ishlatish yuqori jarima va uzoq muddatga qamoq jazosini talab qiladi.

Azodikarbonamid, o'tgan yilning fevral oyida, ehtimol, sog'liqni saqlash bo'yicha blogger tomonidan yuborilgan so'rovga javoban, "sendvich" metro zanjiri, bundan buyon nonida kimyoviy moddalarni ishlatishni to'xtatishini e'lon qilganida, Amerika gazetalarida e'lon qilingan edi.

Va bu hafta, ehtimol, iltimosiga javoban, boshqa kompaniya o'z retseptlarini o'zgartirish rejasini e'lon qildi, shunda Amerikada sotiladigan mahsulotlar dunyoning boshqa joylarida bo'lgan mahsulotlarga ko'proq mos keladi: Coca-Cola kompaniyasi bromlangan o'simlik yog'ini qo'shishni to'xtatadi. Amerika ichimliklar mahsulotlariga. Bromlangan o'simlik moyi tarkibida bromid bor, u o'tga chidamli sifatida foydaliligini isbotladi, lekin Yaponiya va Evropa Ittifoqi uni inson iste'moli uchun taqiqlagan.

Juda yengilmi?

Nima uchun bunday kimyoviy qo'shimchalarga AQSh va dunyo qarashlari o'rtasidagi farq katta? Qo'shma Shtatlar kimyoviy moddalar bilan bog'liq oziq -ovqat xavfsizligi masalasida juda sustmi yoki Evropa Ittifoqi juda qattiqmi?

2011 yil dekabr oyida, Amerikalik ilmiy Bromlangan o'simlik yog'ini (BVO) oziq -ovqat qo'shimchasi sifatida ishlatishning ijobiy va salbiy tomonlarini muhokama qiladigan "Ekologik sog'liqni saqlash yangiliklari" maqolasi qayta chop etildi. Boshqa tomondan, FDA BVO ni odamlar uchun xavfsiz deb hisoblaganini inkor eta olmaymiz. Ammo BVO tanqidchilari FDA bu qarorni bir necha o'n yillar ilgari o'tkazilgan tadqiqot ma'lumotlariga asoslanib, 1970 -yillardan boshlab ilmiy bilimlar chegaralari ancha ilgarilab ketganiga qarshi chiqishdi.

Charlz Vorxis - 1980 -yillarning boshlarida BVOlarning nevrologik ta'sirini o'rgangan, Tsinsinnati toksikologi. 2011 yilda Vorhees shunday dedi: "Keng qo'llaniladigan shunga o'xshash birikmalar, ehtimol, vaqti -vaqti bilan yangi texnologiyalar bilan qayta ko'rib chiqilib, avvalgi usullar o'tkazib yuborilgan effektlar yo'qligiga ishonch hosil qilishi kerak ... Menimcha, BVO - bu, albatta, kafolat beradigan birikma. biroz qayta tekshirish ".

Shubhasiz, bromidni haddan tashqari iste'mol qilishdan keyin sog'lig'ida katta muammolarga duch kelgan odamlar bor. 2011 yildagi misolni ko'rib chiqing SciAm maqola:

1997 yilda Devis Kaliforniya Universitetining tez tibbiy yordam bo'limi shifokorlari brom zaharlanishi bilan og'rigan bemorga har kuni ikki -to'rt litr apelsin soda ichgani haqida xabar berishdi. U bosh og'rig'i, charchoq, ataksiya (mushaklar muvofiqlashtirishining yo'qolishi) va xotiraning yo'qolishini rivojlantirdi.

2003 yilda Ogayo shtatida sodir bo'lgan bir voqeada, 63 yoshli erkak bir necha oy davomida har kuni sakkiz litr Red Rudy Squirt ichganidan so'ng, shishgan qo'llarida yaralar paydo bo'lgan. Erkakka bromoderma tashxisi qo'yildi, bu kamdan -kam uchraydigan teriga yuqori sezuvchanlik. Bemor bromlangan alkogolsiz ichimlikdan voz kechdi va bir necha oydan keyin tuzalib ketdi.

Bu ikki kishi, albatta, bromidni qabul qilishdan yomon ta'sir ko'rsatgan haddan tashqari bromni yutish? Axir, tibbiyotda "doza zaharni keltirib chiqaradi" degan oddiy maqol bor. Boshqa so'zlar bilan aytganda, har qanday narsa Agar haddan tashqari iste'mol qilinsa, xavf tug'diradi - agar siz juda tez ichsangiz, toza suv ham sizni o'ldiradi.

Va har kuni ikki -sakkiz litr sodali suv ichish, uning tarkibida BVO bor -yo'qligidan qat'i nazar, sog'lig'ingizga putur etkazadi. Darhaqiqat, 1997 yildagi tadqiqot mualliflaridan biri SciAmga shunday dedi:

"BVOni iste'mol qilishning har qanday normal darajasi sog'liq uchun hech qanday muammo tug'dirmaydi, faqat qandli suvni ichish diabet va semirib ketish xavfi bundan mustasno", dedi Zeyn Xorovits, Oregon zaharli markazining tibbiy direktori va 1997 yildagi amaliy tadqiqot muallifi.

Shuni ham yodda tutish kerakki, ma'lum bir kimyoviy yong'inga chidamli va boshqa yemaydigan, hatto zaharli materiallar ishlab chiqarishda ishlatilgani, bu kimyoviy moddalarni avtomatik ravishda inson iste'moli uchun xavfli qilmaydi.

Mashhur hazil/hazil bor, unda odamlar "dihidrogen oksidi" kimyoviy xavfini muhokama qilishadi (yoki hatto dihidrogen monoksitni taqiqlashga da'vatnomalarga imzo to'plashadi).

Internetda dihidrogen oksidi haqida ma'lumot qidiring va siz bu haqda qo'rqinchli va mutlaqo to'g'ri ogohlantirishlarning uzun ro'yxatini topasiz: atom energetikasi tomonidan ishlatiladigan, pestitsidlardan straforgacha bo'lgan hamma narsani ishlab chiqarishda muhim, saraton kasallaridan olib tashlangan o'smalarda mavjud. , va ko'p miqdorda odamlar uchun halokatli bo'lishi kafolatlangan.

Xo'sh, dihidrogen monoksit inson iste'moli uchun xavfsizmi? Albatta. Bu nafaqat xavfsiz, balki majburiydir: dihidrogen monoksit, har bir kislorod uchun ikkita vodorod atomidan tashkil topgan birikma - "suv" deyishning yana bir usuli.


Coca-Cola olovdan saqlovchi kimyoviy moddalarni ichimliklardan olib tashlaydi

Onlayn petitsiya 60 mingga yaqin imzo to'plagandan so'ng, Coca-Cola dushanba kuni bromlangan o'simlik moyini ichimliklar qatoridan olib tashlashini aytdi. Siz moyning texnik nomini bilishingiz mumkin: olovga chidamli.

Newsweek ma'lumotlariga ko'ra, bromlangan o'simlik yog'i yoki BVO maxsus ravishda Canta & rsquos Powerade ichimliklaridan, Fanta va Fresca brendlari bilan birga olib tashlanadi. Mevali ichimliklarda ko'p uchraydigan kimyoviy, shuningdek, pol qoplamasi va bolalar va rsquos mahsulotlari uchun olovga chidamli vazifasini bajaradi. (Nyu -York Tayms orqali)

Xo'sh, u birinchi navbatda alkogolsiz ichimliklarda nima qiladi? FDA materialni qo'shimcha sifatida tavsiflaydi Vaqti -vaqti bilan yog'larni xushbo'ylashtiruvchi stabilizator sifatida ishlab chiqariladi. & rdquo San -Diyegodagi o'quvchi shunday deydi: Bromlangan o'simlik yog'isiz, sizning sevimli limon-ohak sodaingiz Exxon-Valdezdan keyin Alyaska ko'rfaziga o'xshab ketadi. & rdquo

BVO uchun muhim bo'lgan & ldquointerim & rdquo yorlig'i foydalanishni davom ettirdi. Yog 'FDA tomonidan 1977 yilda & ldquointerim & rdquo deb etiketlangan bo'lib, uning xavfsizligi bo'yicha ko'proq tadqiqotlar uchun mo'ljallangan, ammo shu kungacha bu ro'yxatda qolgan.

The New York Times 2012 yilgi hisobotiga ko'ra, bu yorliq tez orada o'zgarishini kutmang. Bu haqda FDA vakili nashrga ma'lum qildi & LdquoBVO oraliq maqomidagi har qanday o'zgarish FDA va rsquos cheklangan resurslarni sarflashni talab qiladi, bu hozirda agentlik uchun sog'liqni saqlashni himoya qilishning ustuvor vazifasi emas. & rdquo

2012 yilgi so'rov Missisipi shtatidagi o'smir Pepsi -ni Gatorade lazzatlaridan kimyoviy moddalarni olib tashlashga undaganidan keyin keldi. 15 yoshli Sara Kavanagning aytishicha, u Gatorade va Powerade -ni sog'lom fazilatlarga da'vo qilgani uchun nishonga olgan. (Change.org orqali)

Agar siz BVO har kuni sodali suv ichuvchi uchun qanday xavf tug'dirishini bilmasangiz, Atlanta Journal-Konstitutsiyasida aytilishicha, kimyoviy moddalarni o'z ichiga olgan sodali suvni ko'p miqdorda iste'mol qilish bosh og'rig'iga, xotira va hatto gormonal buzilishga olib kelishi mumkin.

Kimyoviy moddalarning oz miqdori zudlik bilan ta'sir qilmasa -da, olimlar yog'li to'qimalarda saqlanadigan brom to'planib, dietada o'zgarishlar bo'lgandan keyin ham qolishi mumkinligini aniqladilar.

Nima bo'lishidan qat'iy nazar, Coke ta'kidlashicha, olib tashlangan taqdirda ham, uning BVO ichimliklari xavfsizdir. & ldquoBizning barcha ichimliklarimiz, shu jumladan BVO bo'lganlar ham xavfsizdir va har doim sotilgan mamlakatlardagi barcha qoidalarga rioya qilingan. & rdquo

2012 yilda Pepsi tomonidan o'zgartirilganiga qaramay, bromlangan o'simlik moyini hali ham rsquos Mountain Dew va Squirt ichimliklarida topish mumkin.


Yoshlarning iltimosnomasi mahsulotni olovga chidamli moddalarni olib tashlash uchun kokani ishontiradi

Powerade ixlosmandlari olovga chidamli ichimliklarni yutishdan charchagan deb qaror qilishdi. Endi Coca-Cola bunga e'tibor qaratmoqda.

Coca-Cola shu hafta bromlangan o'simlik yog'ini yoki BVO ni barcha ichimliklaridan olib tashlash ustida ishlayotganini e'lon qildi. Coke, Powerade kabi mevali xushbo'y ichimliklardagi ta'mni yanada teng taqsimlaydigan ingredientning xavfsizligini qo'llab-quvvatlagan bo'lsa-da, ingredient olovga chidamli sifatida patentlangan va Evropa Ittifoqi yoki Yaponiyada foydalanish uchun tasdiqlanmagan.

Taqiq Missisipipalik o'smir Sara Kavanag tomonidan boshlangan Change.org onlayn -petitsiyalariga to'g'ri keladi. PowerVade -dan BVOni olib tashlashga qaratilgan petitsiya 50 mingdan ortiq imzo to'pladi.

"Agar ular [Powerade] ni chet elda BVO holda sotsalar, nega mening sog'ligim va do'stlarimning sog'lig'iga xavf solishadi?" - so'radi Kavanag iltimosnomada.

Kavanagning Coke -ni Powerade -dan BVO -ni olib tashlashga majburlash kampaniyasi PepsiCo -ni Gatorade -dan kimyoviy moddalarni kesib olishga ishontirishga muvaffaq bo'ldi. O'tgan yili Pepsi talablariga javob bergan bo'lsa -da, BVO PepsiCo Mountain Dew va Amp -ning tarkibiy qismi sifatida ishlatishda davom etmoqda.

Coca-Cola va PepsiCo mahsulotlaridan BVO-ni olib tashlash-bu sanoatdagi iltimosnomalar bilan bog'liq o'zgarishlar. Yil boshida, sog'liqni saqlash bloggeri Vani Xarining mashhur arizalari Chick-fil-A-ni tovuqsiz antibiotiklarga o'tishga ishontirishga yordam berdi va Metro uning nonidan kimyoviy moddalarni olib tashladi. Oziq-ovqat sanoati "barqaror" va "organik" so'zlariga aylanar ekan, zanjirlar xaridorlarning kimyoviy ishtiyoqsiz oziq-ovqatga bo'lgan ishtahasiga ko'proq e'tibor qaratishlari kerak.

Tadbirkordan ko'proq

Nemis xizmatlari tiklanmoqda, fabrikalar kurashmoqda -PMI

RPT-NFT ixlosmandlari kripto narxining pasayishiga qaramay o'z pozitsiyalarini saqlab qolishdi

Lufthansaning eng yirik xususiy egasi 400 million dollarlik ulushini sotdi

Buyuk Britaniyada Covid Hindistoni holatlari haftada ikki baravar ko'p

Buyuk Britaniyaning chakana savdosi do'konlar ochilganda kutilganidan oshdi

Xitoylik milliarder asoschisi Gigant kasallikdan vafot etdi

(Bloomberg) - KE Holdings Inc asoschisi milliarder noma'lum kasallikdan vafot etdi, bu Xitoy kompaniyasi uchun dahshatli voqea bo'lib, u AQShning 2020 yildagi eng kuchli bozor debyutlaridan birini olib tashladi. Ko'chmas mulk idoralari tarmog'idan Beike, Xitoyning uy -joy operatsiyalari va xizmatlari uchun eng yirik platformasiga aylandi, 20 may kuni "kasallikning kutilmaganda yomonlashuvidan" keyin vafot etdi. KE Holdings boshqaruv kengashi ikki hafta ichida kuzatuv choralarini e'lon qiladi, deya qo'shimcha qildi 50 yoshli Zuo, kompaniyaning muvaffaqiyati uchun harakatlantiruvchi kuch bo'ldi. yillik hisobotiga ko'ra, fevral oyi oxirigacha ikki sinfli ovoz berish tuzilmasi. Payshanba kuni Nyu -Yorkda kompaniyaning amerika depozitlari bo'yicha tushumlari 0,8% ga tushib, 49,85 dollarga tushdi, bu deyarli 10% ga kamaydi .Zuo Osiyodagi eng nufuzli sarmoyadorlar, jumladan Hillhouse Capital Group va Tencent Holdings Ltd tomonidan qo'llab -quvvatlandi. SoftBank Group Corp.ning eng muvaffaqiyatli garovlari. Bloomberg Billionaires Index ma'lumotlariga ko'ra, KE Holdings AQShda avgust oyida debyutida deyarli ikki baravar ko'paydi va Zuoni 20 milliard dollardan ortiq boylik bilan dunyoning eng boy tadbirkorlari qatoriga qo'shdi. debyut chorshanba kuni kechqurun raisga 14,8 milliard dollarlik boylik berdi. Aprel oyida CCTV kanaliga bergan intervyusida u IPOning ahamiyatini va boyliklarini past baholadi. "Nega men hayajonlanishim kerak?" - dedi u jinsi shim kiygan, to'q ko'k yelek va qora krossovka. "Bu men uchun farq qilmaydi." Ko'proq o'qing: Xitoyning 20 mlrd dollarga teng bo'lmagan mulk saytining asoschisi 1971 yilda Shansi provinsiyasida tug'ilgan, Zuo 1992 yilda Pekin kimyo -texnologiya universitetining bakalavr darajasini tugatgan va savdo -sotiq bilan shug'ullanmagan. sug'urta biznesi, u erda u birinchi boyligini topdi, deb xabar beradi mahalliy matbuot. Keyin u Xitoyning ko'chmas mulk bozori hali ancha yosh bo'lgan 2001 yilda Pekin Lianjia ko'chmas mulk brokerlik kompaniyasini tuzdi va 2011 yilda uzoq muddatli kvartiralarni ijaraga berish uchun Ziroomni boshladi. 2018 yilda u KE -ni o'z ichiga oldi va Beike -ni ishga tushirdi va mamlakatning eng mashhur tadbirkorlaridan biriga aylandi.Beike sun'iy intellekt va katta ma'lumotlardan foydalangan holda o'z xizmatlarini takomillashtirish va bozor haqidagi ma'lumotni taqdim etadi. Iyun holatiga ko'ra, kompaniya o'z platformasida 226 million uy va har oyda 39 million mobil foydalanuvchisi bilan maqtandi. Bu har oyda 48 milliondan ortiq mobil faol foydalanuvchilar va yarim million agentlarga ta'sir ko'rsatdi, shuningdek, dekorativlar, ta'mirlash ustalari va moliya institutlariga xaridorlar bilan bog'lanish, mulk ekotizimini va tegishli takliflarni yaratish orqali boshqalarni jalb qiladi. Uchinchi xatboshidagi narx) Bu kabi boshqa hikoyalar bloomberg.com saytida mavjud. Ishonchli biznes yangiliklari bilan bo'lishish uchun hoziroq obuna bo'ling. © 2021 Bloomberg LP

Milliarder Xitoy mulkining giganti kasallikdan vafot etdi

(Bloomberg) - KE Holdings Inc asoschisi milliarder noma'lum kasallikdan vafot etdi, bu Xitoy kompaniyasi uchun dahshatli voqea bo'lib, u AQShning 2020 yildagi eng kuchli bozor debyutlaridan birini olib tashladi. Ko'chmas mulk idoralari tarmog'idan Beike, Xitoyning uy -joy operatsiyalari va xizmatlari uchun eng yirik platformasiga aylandi, 20 may kuni "kasallikning kutilmaganda yomonlashuvidan" keyin vafot etdi. KE Holdings boshqaruv kengashi ikki hafta ichida kuzatuv choralarini e'lon qiladi, deya qo'shimcha qildi 50 yoshli Zuo, kompaniyaning muvaffaqiyati uchun harakatlantiruvchi kuch bo'lib, u ommaviy e'lon qilinganida qo'ng'iroq chalinish marosimining boshlovchisi bo'lib, ovoz berish aksiyalarining 81,1 foiziga egalik qiladi. yillik hisobotiga ko'ra, fevral oyi oxirigacha ikki sinfli ovoz berish tuzilmasi. Payshanba kuni Nyu -Yorkda kompaniyaning amerika depozitlari bo'yicha tushumlari 0,8% ga tushib, 49,85 dollarga tushdi, bu deyarli 10% ga kamaydi .Zuo Osiyodagi eng nufuzli sarmoyadorlar, jumladan Hillhouse Capital Group va Tencent Holdings Ltd tomonidan qo'llab -quvvatlandi. SoftBank Group Corp.ning eng muvaffaqiyatli garovlari. Bloomberg Billionaires Index ma'lumotlariga ko'ra, KE Holdings AQShda avgust oyida debyutida deyarli ikki baravar ko'paydi va Zuoni 20 milliard dollardan ortiq boylik bilan dunyoning eng boy tadbirkorlari qatoriga qo'shdi. debyuti chorshanba kuni yopilgach, marhum raisga 14,8 milliard dollarlik boylik berdi. Aprel oyida CCTV telekanaliga bergan intervyusida u IPOning ahamiyatini va u bergan boylikni past baholadi. "Nega men hayajonlanishim kerak?" - dedi u jinsi shim kiygan, to'q ko'k yelek va qora krossovka. "Bu men uchun farq qilmaydi." Ko'proq o'qing: Xitoyda 20 milliard dollarga teng bo'lmagan mulk saytining asoschisi 1971 yilda Shansi provinsiyasida tug'ilgan, Zuo 1992 yilda Pekin kimyo -texnologiya universitetining bakalavr darajasini tugatgan va savdo -sotiq bilan shug'ullanmagan. sug'urta biznesi, u erda u birinchi boyligini topdi, deb xabar beradi mahalliy matbuot. Keyin u Xitoyning ko'chmas mulk bozori hali ancha yosh bo'lgan 2001 yilda Pekin Lianjia ko'chmas mulk brokerlik kompaniyasini tuzdi va 2011 yilda uzoq muddatli kvartiralarni ijaraga berish uchun Ziroomni boshladi. 2018 yilda u KE -ni o'z ichiga oldi va Beike -ni ishga tushirdi va mamlakatning eng mashhur tadbirkorlaridan biriga aylandi.Beike sun'iy intellekt va katta ma'lumotlardan foydalangan holda o'z xizmatlarini takomillashtirish va bozor haqidagi ma'lumotni taqdim etadi. Iyun holatiga ko'ra, kompaniya o'z platformasida 226 million uy va har oyda 39 million mobil foydalanuvchisi bilan maqtandi. Bu har oyda 48 milliondan ortiq mobil faol foydalanuvchilar va yarim million agentlarga ta'sir ko'rsatdi, shuningdek, dekorativlar, ta'mirlash ustalari va moliya institutlariga xaridorlar bilan bog'lanish, mulk ekotizimini va tegishli takliflarni yaratish orqali boshqalarni o'ziga jalb qiladi. price in third paragraph)More stories like this are available on bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2021 Bloomberg LP

ReklamaSayohat paytida avtomobil oynasiga sumka qo'ying

Avtomobilni tozalashning ajoyib brendlari, siz bilmagan bo'lsangiz, mahalliy dilerlar

Deutsche Bank: 'The value of bitcoin is entirely based on wishful thinking'

Analysts are piling on bitcoin as it plunges, noting headwinds and issues that might stunt its increased adoption.

Chinese Bitcoin Mining Company Invests $25M in New Facility in Texas

BIT Mining's new Texas facility will open a new frontier for the firm at a time of rapid investment in North American mining.

How to maximize your windfall if you sell your house and start renting

If you're willing to downsize your space, you could supersize your cash flow.

UPDATE 4-Canada to tighten mortgage lending rules as central bank frets over housing market

Canada said on Thursday it would tighten rules on mortgage lending starting next month after the Bank of Canada earlier warned that the hot housing market and high household debt levels had left the economy more vulnerable to economic shocks. The country's financial regulator and the Finance Department said separately that borrowers of both uninsured and insured mortgages must show that they can afford loans that are the higher of their current rate plus 200 basis points, or 5.25%.

UPDATE 2-Ford Motor, SK Innovation announce EV battery joint venture in N. America

Ford Motor Co and South Korean battery maker SK Innovation on Thursday announced they will form a battery joint venture in North America to support the No. 2 U.S. automaker's electric vehicle rollout. The companies said they have signed a memorandum of understanding for the formation of the venture, called BlueOvalSK. Reuters on Wednesday reported plans for the joint venture.

With mortgage rates on the rise again, waiting to refinance can be costly

Rates have gone back up to 3% and are likely to keep climbing as the economy recovers.

Daily Gold News: Thursday, May 20 – Gold’s Increased Volatility Below $1,900 Price Mark

Gold is 0.1% lower this morning, as it is trading within yesterday’s daily range. What about the other precious metals?

U.S. regulators signal stronger risk, tax oversight for cryptocurrencies

U.S. Federal Reserve chief Jerome Powell turned up the heat on cryptocurrencies on Thursday, saying they pose risks to financial stability, and indicating that greater regulation of the increasingly popular electronic currency may be warranted. The Treasury Department, meanwhile, flagged its concerns that wealthy individuals could use the largely unregulated sector to avoid tax and said it wanted big crypto asset transfers reported to authorities. The back-to-back announcements came in a week when Bitcoin, the most popular cryptocurrency, took a wild ride, falling as much as 30% on Wednesday after China announced new curbs on the sector, underscoring the volatility of the sector.

Japan Exports Surge as Global Trade Rebounds From Dismal 2020

(Bloomberg) -- Supply Lines is a daily newsletter that tracks trade and supply chains disrupted by the pandemic. Sign up here.Japanese exports jumped again, climbing in April by more than a third from last year’s dismal level, as recovering global trade gave a needed boost to an economy that’s stalling at home amid new waves of the coronavirus.Surging car and auto parts shipments helped power a 38% rise in Japan’s exports from a year earlier, according to figures Thursday from the finance ministry that beat all but one forecast from 26 surveyed analysts. The consensus was for a 30.8% gain.Although the data give an inflated view of the strength of exports because they’re based on a comparison with 2020’s terrible figures, the report still shows trade bouncing back -- a major positive for the global economy and Japan. Shipments climbed almost 8% compared with 2019.A separate report showed Japanese machinery orders, a leading indicator of capital spending, gained in March from the prior month.Key InsightsMore export gains are good news for an economy struggling to quell new virus waves amid a slow vaccine drive. Weak consumer spending and business investment last quarter led to a bigger-than-expected GDP contraction and raised the risk of a double-dip recession.Last month’s trade increase showed a broad-based recovery in world economies. Shipments to the U.S. and Asia rose the most since 2010, while those to the EU climbed the most since 1980, according to a ministry official.“Demand itself is very strong led by the U.S., and Chinese exports,” said economist Hiroaki Muto at Sumitomo Life Insurance Co, adding that bottlenecks in semiconductor supplies could slow gains in months ahead. “‘I expect net exports to be positive for Japan’s 2Q GDP, although it wouldn’t surprise me if 2Q GDP overall was negative.”A drop in the yen’s value gives Japan’s exporters another tailwind. The currency has fallen roughly 6% versus the dollar so far this year, increasing the value of repatriated profits for companies from Toyota to Hitachi.What Bloomberg Economics Says. “Looking ahead, we expect exports to come in above the pre-Covid level in May, supported by a recovery in European demand with progress on vaccinations. Shipments to the U.S. and China may increase at a slower pace.”--Yuki Masujima, economistTo read full report, click here.Get MoreImports rose 12.8% from the previous year, compared with analysts forecasting a 9% increase.Shipments to the U.S. jumped 45.1%, while those to the EU climbed 39.6% and those to China gained 33.9%.The trade balance was 255.3 billion yen ($2.3 billion) in the black. Analysts had expected a surplus of 147.7 billion yen.Core machinary orders increased 3.7% in March versus the prior month, compared with a 5% rise forecast by analysts.(Adds economist’s comments.)More stories like this are available on bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

What bitcoin’s collapse could mean for your retirement

Youngsters’ dreams of an easy, early and rich retirement were getting a pounding this week as their favorite cryptocurrencies collapsed. Prices for bitcoin (BTCUSD) and other futuristic “currencies” were in free fall Wednesday. Anyone who has bought into bitcoin since February is already in the red.

Trudeau Tightens Up Mortgages After Macklem Sounds Housing Alarm

(Bloomberg) -- Canadian officials escalated efforts to cool the nation’s booming housing market, moving ahead with tighter mortgage qualification rules after the central bank issued a fresh warning against buyers taking on too much debt.Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s government set a new benchmark interest rate on Thursday afternoon to determine whether people can qualify for mortgages that are insured by Canada’s housing agency. The move matches an April decision by the nation’s banking regulator to do the same for uninsured mortgages.The regulator -- the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions -- announced earlier Thursday it would implement its new rules June 1.Those steps coincided with a stern warning from Bank of Canada Governor Tiff Macklem in the morning cautioning that Canadians should neither assume interest rates will remain at historic lows nor expect recent sharp gains in home prices to continue.“It is vitally important that homeownership remain within reach for Canadians,” Finance Minister Chrystia Freeland said in a statement.The moves come amid a surge in housing prices that’s raising concern among policy makers and economists. Cheap mortgages and new remote-working conditions have spurred a frenzy of demand for more spacious homes, with house hunters bidding up prices across the country.Canadians are so alarmed by the red-hot housing that nearly half the respondents in a Nanos Research Group poll for Bloomberg News say they’d like to see the Bank of Canada raise borrowing costs to curb demand for real estate and stabilize prices.Still, the measures announced Thursday are seen as incremental steps rather than representing a fundamental shift in policy.With the changes, home buyers will have to show they can afford a minimum rate of 5.25%. The current threshold, based on posted rates of Canada’s six largest lenders, is 4.79%. Economists have been estimating the tighter qualification restrictions would reduce the buying power of households by about 5%.The changes will have little impact on current housing price dynamics, according to Benjamin Tal, deputy chief economist at Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce.“This is not a game changer by any stretch of the imagination and it was highly expected,” Tal said by phone from Toronto.The measures from the government and the regulator came only hours after the Bank of Canada released its annual financial stability report, which highlighted the growing vulnerabilities associated with overleveraged households and speculative housing activity. It flagged three urban markets -- Toronto, Hamilton and Montreal -- as showing excess “exuberance,” with the national capital of Ottawa on the cusp of crossing that threshold.‘Not Normal”At a press conference, Macklem said some people have taken on “significantly” more debt, with many carrying very large mortgages relative to income. Borrowers and lenders need to understand that interest rates won’t always be at historic lows, and home buyers won’t be able to rely on rising values, he said.“It is important to understand that the recent rapid increases in home prices are not normal,” Macklem said. “Counting on ever higher house prices to build home equity that can be used to refinance mortgages in the future is a bad idea.”Outside of the warnings Thursday, it’s not clear how much the central bank can do to cool the market.Growing household vulnerabilities could give policy makers more reason to consider raising borrowing costs, for example, but higher rates would also inflate risks -- such as slow growth or a price correction. Macklem’s next interest-rate decision is due June 9 and the Bank of Canada has said it won’t consider raising its 0.25% benchmark rate until he economy is recovers fully from the Covid-19 pandemic.The Bank of Canada’s financial system review did find that Canada’s lenders could absorb a significant amount of losses in the case of another shock. The central bank said household debt and housing market vulnerabilities probably don’t pose a significant systemic threat to bank solvency, even though they could undermine future growth.“We have to look at the whole economy,” Macklem said at the press conference. “There are important parts of the economy that remain very weak, and the economy needs our support.”(Updates with context throughout.)More stories like this are available on bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

‘Shark Tank’ Judge’s SPAC in Talks to Merge With Insurer

(Bloomberg) -- Home-coverage startup Kin Insurance is in talks to go public via Omnichannel Acquisition Corp., a special purpose acquisition company led by recurring “Shark Tank” guest judge Matt Higgins, according to people with knowledge of the matter.The combined entity is set to be valued at over $1 billion, one of the people said. Terms could change and as with all transactions that aren’t yet finalized, it’s possible talks could collapse. A deal, if agreed, could be announced next month, one of the people said.Representatives for Omnichannel and Kin declined to comment.Chicago-based Kin says it offers affordable coverage in “catastrophe-prone” regions including California, Florida and Louisiana directly to consumers online. It is led by co-founders Sean Harper, the chief executive officer, and Lucas Ward, who is president and chief technology officer.Kin raised $63.9 million in a recent funding round from investors including Senator Investment Group, Hudson Structured Capital Management, the University of Chicago’s startup investment program, Allegis NL Capital and Alpha Edison. Earlier backers include August Capital and Commerce Ventures.The insurer recently said it surpassed $100 million in annual recurring premium after just 21 months as a carrier in an industry that still sees more than 90% of home coverage sold through brick-and-mortar agencies.Omnichannel, led by Higgins -- an executive fellow at Harvard Business School -- in November raised $206.5 million in an initial public offering. The company’s website says it’s seeking a $1 billion to $2.5 billion acquisition, which it has defined in filings as including direct-to-consumer services. Beauty entrepreneur Bobbi Brown is on the SPAC’s board.Higgins is also CEO of RSE Ventures, an investment firm that has made bets on companies including David Chang’s Momofuku, Bluestone Lane and & Pizza on behalf of billionaire Stephen Ross. Higgins is also a vice chairman of the Miami Dolphins, of which Ross is a co-owner alongside Serena and Venus Williams, among others.Another so-called insuretech company, Hippo Enterprises Inc., in March agreed to go public via a SPAC. MetroMile Inc. in February became a public company after merging with a SPAC.More stories like this are available on bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

U.S. Proposes $242 Million in Penalties for Traders

(Bloomberg) -- The top U.S. energy regulator has proposed forcing three power traders, all veterans of JPMorgan Chase & Co., to pay a total of $242 million for allegedly manipulating an obscure of corner of the country’s largest electricity market.The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission accused GreenHat Energy LLC and its owners of placing bets on potential grid bottlenecks, known as the financial transmission rights market, that sent false price signals, according to statement Thursday. The wagers cost utilities and other traders in the PJM Interconnection market more than $179 million in losses.“Today’s order offers another reminder that the Commission has a solemn responsibility to investigate and penalize participants that engage in market manipulation,” FERC Chairman Richard Glick said Thursday during a FERC meeting.Also Read: Ex-JPMorgan Traders Lost Millions on Bad Bets in Power MarketThe move comes after the number of FERC probes into wrongdoing in energy markets fell to a record low last year under the Trump Administration. Glick has made it a priority to step up investigation since he was appointed to lead the agency by the Biden Administration earlier this year.FERC proposed civil penalties totaling $179 million to GreenHat and fines of $25 million each to two of its owners: John Bartholomew and Kevin Ziegenhorn. The agency also proposed ordering them to surrender nearly $13.1 million in profits.A third GreenHat owner, Andrew Kittell, died in January. His estate is being asked to respond to the allegations. The parties have 30 days to respond.GreenHat started placing the bets in auctions held by PJM Interconnection LLC, which operates the country’s largest power market, in 2015 and kept building positions into 2018. The company kept placing the bets even as other market participants flagged PJM about the risk before it defaulted on a $1.2 million payment in June 2018 and those losses have ballooned 150 times. At the time of the default, GreenHat had less than $560,000 in collateral on deposit with the grid operator.GreenHat rigged the auctions by using inside information about sell offers made by a unit of Royal Dutch Shell Plc to design its own bids to buy those same transmission rights from the energy giant, the commission said Thursday. The three owners of the firm had realized “their enormous portfolio” was not expected to be profitable overall, but some of the FTRs did gain value after GreenHat bought them. GreenHat then sold these “winners” in four deals to third parties for a total of $13.1 million.“This alleged scheme is an example of a type of fraud in which perpetrators acquire assets with no intent to pay for them, and then try to turn the assets into immediate cash for themselves,” FERC said in the FERC statement.Shell didn’t immediately respond to a request seeking comment, nor did lawyers representing Bartholomew and Ziegenhorn. Lawyers representing Kittell’s estate declined to comment.This default by a small, new trader was the largest any U.S. grid had experienced of any kind, until the freeze that struck Texas in February left the state’s power market facing a nearly $3 billion shortfall. GreenHat’s default forced the previous PJM chief executive out. PJM also hired a new chief risk officer reporting to the board and sparked a review of credit policies across grids.Market participants have already been charged $180.5 million for GreenHat’s bad bets when factoring related costs and those losses will continue to widen until the last positions are liquidated this month, according to the market monitor’s most recent report.FERC’s enforcement team has been investigating GreenHat’s trading behavior since at least 2018, bringing fresh scrutiny on trading activity by Kittell and Bartholomew just a few years after they were part of a team investigated at JPMorgan, according to filings. In 2013, the bank settled a case alleging its traders manipulated the California power market for a record $410 million fine at the time.FERC Commissioner James Danly concurred with the GreenHat order, calling in light of the massive default, in the monthly meeting. “It’s necessary for the commission to make an official pronouncement on whether or not there was manipulation.”(Updates with reference to GreenHat using Shell’s data in the eighth paragraph. An earlier version corrected the story to say that the penalties are proposed.)More stories like this are available on bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

What Hedge Fund Analysts Do for Investments

Every investment class needs someone to manage it. From the market makers and clearing houses that ensure stock trading to the bankers who move currencies around the world, markets are not natural phenomena. They require management. Perhaps nowhere is that more … Continue reading → The post What Hedge Fund Analysts Do for Investments appeared first on SmartAsset Blog.


Thursday, November 29, 2012

Why Are We Testing Newborns for Pot?

The science is alarmingly inconclusive, but the punishment for mothers is severe.

Employees at US hospitals are testing more and more newborns for cannabis exposure. And, with alarming frequency, they are getting the wrong results. So say a pair of recent studies documenting the unreliability of infant drug testing.

In the most recent trial, published in the September edition of the Journal of Clinical Chemistry , investigators at the University of Utah School of Medicine evaluated the rate of unconfirmed "positive" immunoassay test results in infant and non-infant urine samples over a 52-week period. Shockingly, authors found that positive tests for carboxy THC, a byproduct of THC screened for in immunoassay urine tests, were 59 times less likely to be confirmed in infant urine specimens as compared to non-infant urine samples. Overall, 47 percent of the infant positive immunoassay urine samples evaluated did not test for the presence of carboxy THC when confirmatory assay measures were later performed.
Immunoassay testing – the standard technology used in workplace drug testing – relies on the use of antibodies (proteins that will react to a particular substance or a group of very similar substances) to document whether a specific reaction occurs. Therefore, a positive result on an immunoassay test presumes that a certain quantity of a particular substance may be present in the sample, but it does not actually identify the presence of the substance itself. A more specific chemical test, known as chromatography, must be performed in order to confirm any preliminary analytical test results. Samples that test positive on the presumptive immunoassay test, but then later test negative on the confirmatory test are known as false positives.
False positive test results for cannabis’ carboxy THC metabolite are relatively uncommon in adult specimens. Among newborns’ specimens, however, false positive results for alleged cannabis exposure are disturbingly prevalent.
In April, researchers at the University of North Carolina reported in the journal Clinical Biochemistry that various chemicals present in various baby wash products, such as Johnson's Head-to-Toe Baby Wash and CVS Baby Wash, frequently cross-react with the immunoassay test to cause false positive results for carboxy THC.

“[The] addition of Head-to-Toe Baby Wash to drug-free urine produced a dose dependent measureable response in the THC immunoassay,” the investigators concluded . “Addition of other commercially available baby soaps gave similar results, and subsequent testing identified specific chemical surfactants that reacted with the THC immunoassay. … Given these consequences, it is important for laboratories and providers to be aware of this potential source for false positive screening results and to consider confirmation before initiating interventions.”

Following the publication of the UNC study, researchers at the University of Utah screened for the presence of baby soap contaminants in infant urine. Surprisingly, they didn’t find any . Rather, they concluded that the disproportionately high rate of false positive test results discovered among their samples were the result of a cross-reaction with some other yet-to-be determined constituent. They cautioned: “Until the compounds contributing to positive urine screen results in infants are identified, we encourage the use of alternative specimens for the detection and investigation of neonatal exposure to cannabinoids. Screen-positive cannabinoid results from infant samples should not be reported without confirmation or appropriate consultation, because they cannot currently be interpreted.”
Yet despite these warnings, in many instances, hospitals fail to confirm the results of presumptive drug tests prior to reporting them to state authorities. (Because confirmatory testing is more expensive the immunoassay testing, many hospitals neglect to send such presumptive positive urine samples to outside labs for follow-up analysis.) Ironically, such confirmatory tests are required for all hospital employees who test positive for illicit substances. But presently, no such guidelines stipulate that similar precautions be taken for newborns or pregnant mothers. Explains Lynn Paltrow, executive director of National Advocates for Pregnant Women : “NAPW has had calls from numerous parents who were subjected to intrusive, threatening, and counterproductive child welfare interventions based on false or innocent positive test results for marijuana. We have learned that pregnant patients receive fewer guarantees of accuracy than do job applicants at that same hospital.” 



Izohlar:

  1. Noe

    Barkamol yozilgan va juda ishonarli, buni o'zingiz qanday ishlab chiqqaningizni batafsilroq aytib bering

  2. Reece

    Juda kulgili javob

  3. Rhongomyant

    U olib tashlanadi (aralash qismiga ega)

  4. Maubar

    Xo'sh, aslida, siz yozgan ko'p narsa unchalik o'xshamaydi ... Xo'sh, yaxshi, bu muhim emas

  5. Joska

    Siz haqsiz. Keling, buni muhokama qilaylik. Menga PM orqali yozing.

  6. Eorl

    Men chalkashdim deb o'ylayman.

  7. Yozshuzuru

    This very good idea will come in handy.



Xabar yozing